Import and export of eggs, sperm & embryos

For various reasons, you may want to move gametes (eggs or sperm) or embryos into or out of Victoria. This movement is referred to as import and export and there are certain requirements that must be met before you can procees with the process of importing and exporting gametes.

Import or export of your own gametes or embryos

If you are considering moving your own gametes or embryos interstate or overseas you will need to contact your clinic to determine how this will be done. If you wish to bring your own gametes or embryos into Victoria, you will need to contact your interstate/overseas clinic as well as the destination clinic in Victoria to let them know of your intentions and to organise the transport of the gametes or embryos. It is important to discuss any requirements or limitations with each clinic.

Import or export of donor gametes or embryos produced from donor gametes

If you would like to import or export donor gametes or embryos that have been created with donor gametes into or out of Victoria, you will need to apply to VARTA for approval, using the application form.

When considering an application for export of donor gametes or embryos produced from donor gametes, VARTA needs to assess whether the intended use of the eggs, sperm or embryos interstate or overseas is consistent with the way in which it could be used in Victoria.

When reviewing an application to import donor gametes or embryos produced from donor gametes, VARTA must consider how the gametes were obtained. Commercial trading in human eggs, sperm or embryos is illegal in Victoria under the Prohibition of Human Cloning for Reproduction Act 2008 and the Human Tissue Act 1982. Sperm, egg or embryo donors can only be paid reasonable expenses in relation to a donation. 

VARTA may place conditions on an approval to import or export donated gametes or embryos produced from donated gametes. All decisions or conditions made by VARTA concerning the import or export of gametes or embryos will be guided by the appropriate state and Commonwealth laws.

Guidelines for the Import & Export of Donor Gametes & Embryos Produced from Donor Gametes

Application to Import or Export Donor Sperm, Eggs or Embryos

Tip

It is helpful to discuss any requirements or limitations relating to the import or export of embryos with the Victorian clinic before undertaking treatment. You can also call VARTA if you have any questions or concerns.