The field of assisted reproductive treatment is filled with technical terms and acronyms. Here is a list of some common terms you may come across.
Intra-cytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) is used for the same reasons as IVF, but especially to overcome sperm problems. Essentially, ICSI follows the same process as IVF, except ICSI involves the direct injection of a single sperm into each egg to achieve fertilisation.
Among embryos created in a laboratory some have too many and some have too few chromosomes. This is called aneuploidy. Embryos can also have genetic defects which can cause health problems in a child. Preimplantation genetic testing (PGT) is used to select embryos with the right number of chromosomes and those that do not have defective genes. There are two types of PGT:
The History of Donor Conception Records in Victoria was prepared for VARTA by Dr Fiona Kelly, Associate Professor in Law at La Trobe University, and Dr Deborah Dempsey, Associate Professor in Sociology at Swinburne University of Technology. The report was supported by the Victorian Government.